Folklore refers to the set of stories, beliefs and practices within a culture or similar group.
In Toaru Majutsu no Index, folklore is used as the basis for certain forms of Magic.
The folklore (or lore) of a culture consists of a combination of many things, including legends, music, beliefs, sayings, rituals, customs, fairy tales and more. These can be passed down through several ways, including artifacts and oral tradition.
There are often similarities between certain pieces of folklore between different cultures. These similarities can often be traced to a common origin, however there are some pieces which have an unknown origin, somewhere between the cultures it has spread through. These pieces of folklore are referred to as having 'fallen into the cracks'.
Folklore is often conflated with mythology (and vice versa). The two share certain similarities and differences, though the exact boundary between them isn't entirely clear.
Urban Legends are a form of modern day folklore.
Uses of Folklore in Toaru Majutsu no IndexEdit
Below is a list of folklore which are used in some shape or form within Toaru Majutsu no Index (mythologies and urban legends are generally covered on their relevant articles).
|Name||Culture||Description||Usage in Toaru Majutsu no Index|
|Robin Hood||England||A heroic outlaw, said to be a skilled archer/swordsman.||Robin Hood is a sniping weapon used by the Knights of England.|
|Bayard||France||A magical bay horse that could adjust his size depending on his riders.||Bayard is an autonomous metal horse, which while lacking the abilities of the horse it was named after, is capable of evading magical detection.|
|Cinderella||France||The story of a poor young girl who ends up marrying a prince with the help of her fairy godmother.||The French Magician, member of GREMLIN, Cendrillon uses the tale of Cinderella as the basis of her magic.|
|The Little Match Girl||Denmark||Short story about a child's hallucinations while dying of hypothermia on New Year's Eve||Theodosia Electra mainly uses spells based on the fairy tale.|
|Vasilisa the Beautiful||Russia||Method to gain happiness||Vasilisa's name comes from this fairy tale and she uses a spell based on it in several ways, usually creating a fiery explosion.|
|The Bold Knight, the Apples of Youth, and the Water of Life||Russia||Water of Life that that gives one eternal life.||Vasilisa has the Water of Life inside her body that grants her youth and longevity, though she denies acutely being immortal.|
|Jiāng shī||China||A reanimated corpse that moves around at night by hopping.|
|Unicorn||Various||A legendary creature with a pointy horn projecting from its forehead, often depicted as looking like a horse.||
|Ushi no Koku Mairi||Japan||A curse involving a doll with the target's hair, nailed on a sacred tree at a shrine between 1 and 3 AM.||Tsuchimikado Motoharu makes use of a variant of the Ushi no Koku Mairi spell against Kumokawa Seria.|
|Hand of Glory||European||A dried, pickled hand from a hanged man which, with a candle made from the same person, displays the power to unlock doors and still people who see the candle||Index refers to the Hand of Glory, among other similar things, on witnessing Kazakiri Hyouka's leg regenerating.|
|Momotarō||Japan||A hero who was found as a child inside a giant peach||According to Index, the original story of Momotarō is actually a grimoire, camouflaged to look like a harmless fairy tale, concerning the creation of an elixir of immortality.|
|The Pied Piper of Hamelin||Germany||After being refused his pay for chasing away the rats from the city of Hamelin, the mysterious man known as the Pied Piper uses his magical flute to take away the children of the town, never to be seen again.||When talking to Acqua of the Back, Terra of the Left compares God's Right Seat's role in leading the people to how the children were enthralled by the enchanted flute of the Piper.|
|Nya-Nya Bulembu||Swazi, Africa||The story of a princess forced to wear an ugly animal skin, causing everyone to find her repulsive but actually keeping men from attacking her as a beautiful princess filled with mystical power was raised within it.||Certain aspects of the story were used by Leivinia Birdway in order to support her Cannibalization spell.|
|Aradia||Italy||Aleister Crowley refers to Aradia while inspecting the female body of an alternative possibility of himself.|
|Cutting Lightning||Japan||The story of a famous samurai who, one day, while taking shelter from the rain under a tree, had a bolt of lightning struck him. However, he used his sword to cut the Thunder God inside the lightning bolt, allowing him to survive. After this incident, he renamed his sword Raikiri (雷切, literally meaning: Lightning Cutter).|
|Huotou||China||A legendary creature in Southern Chinese folklore, described as a dog-shaped monster which eats feces and blows fire.||Esther Rosenthal possesses an artificial soul named Huotou which is used for Rosenthal-style Necromancy.|
|Kappa||Japan||A mythical creature in traditional Japanese folklore, described as a child-shaped imp which lives in rivers or ponds.||One of the playable characters in Gekisho.|
|Griffin||Europe/Middle-East||Alternatively griffon or gryphon, a legendary heraldic creature with the head and wings of an eagle, and the body, tail and rear legs of a lion.|
|Kraken||Scandinavia||A giant cephalopod-like sea monster||An artificial specimen owned by Biohacker Matsuo Ryuusuke was named Kraken.|
|Omukade||Japan||A giant man-eating centipede yōkai||An artificial specimen owned by Biohacker Matsuo Ryuusuke was named Omukade.|
|Wendigo||North America||A monster from Algonquian folklore, said to possess humanoid traits or possessing a human.||An artificial specimen owned by Biohacker Matsuo Ryuusuke was named Wendigo.|
|Mandrake||Europe||A plant root, born from a sinner's bodily fluids, which is said to emit a potentially fatal scream when uprooted and can be used as a medicinal ingredient.|
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index SS: Necessarius Special Admission Test Chapter 6
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 17 Chapter 3 Part 16
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 18 Chapter 5 Part 2
- ↑ Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 03 Chapter 1 Part 8
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index SS: Stiyl Chapter 1 Part 2
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 18 Epilogue
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 22 Chapter 11 Part 3
- ↑ 8.0 8.1 Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 06 Chapter 4 Part 6
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 16 Chapter 2 Part 3
- ↑ Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 21 Chapter 3 Part 9
- ↑ Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 07 Chapter 2 Part 11
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 05 Chapter 4 Part 5
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 14 Prologue
- ↑ 14.0 14.1 Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 14 Chapter 2 Part 4
- ↑ Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 19 Prologue
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 22 Chapter 11 Part 2
- ↑ Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 02 Chapter 4 Part 4
- ↑ Toaru Kagaku no Accelerator Manga Chapter 004
- ↑ Toaru Kagaku no Railgun Episode 17
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 18 Chapter 7 Part 3
- ↑ Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 15 Between the Lines 3
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index SS: Biohacker Arc Chapter 5
- ↑ 23.0 23.1 23.2 Toaru Majutsu no Index SS: Biohacker Arc Chapter 5 Part 5
- ↑ Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 22 Reverse Chapter 3 Part 1
- ↑ Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 22 Reverse Chapter 4 Part 2
- ↑ Toaru Majutsu no Index SS: Agnese's Magic Side Work Experience Chapter 2 Part 3