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Greek Mythology (ギリシャ神話 Girisha Shinwa?) is the mythology of the ancient Greeks. A large part of Roman mythology is derived from Greek mythology and it forms the foundation of what is known as Classical Mythology.

PrinciplesEdit

As a mythology with a pantheon of gods, it operates similarly to Norse Mythology. As gods of polytheistic religion, they have emotions similar to those of humans such as love, justice, fear, and jealousy, and having doubts and failures like any one else. These gods aren't perfect, and such as when combined in a single group, complemented each other's weaknesses, creating a single flexible system, a sturdy defense system that could not be overcome by any foe.[1]

Like a number of other mythologies, the primary deities, or theoi in Ancient Greek, of Greek mythology, the Olympians, are a younger generation of gods who fought against an older, more chaotic generation of gods, in this case the Titans, conquering them and taking their place as rulers of the cosmos.

BackgroundEdit

In the past, as is often the case when people encounter other cultures and are faced with something they don't understand, the ancient Greeks, who had pride in their own intelligence and culture, and believed themselves to be the world standard, forcibly applied their own knowledge and preconceptions to interpreting other cultures, such as with the Egyptians and their mythology, resulting in interpretations of cultures which mixed in their own biases, misconceptions and preconceptions. These interpretations and other European misconceptions have resulted in a distorted imagining of Egyptian Mythology spreading and persisting to the present day.[2][3][4]

Though pure Greek mythology-based Magic isn't used much in the main story of Toaru Majutsu no Index, it has been mentioned as a potential magical format [5], and as one of the many religions and mythologies which have caused Phases to be created over the world.[6]

Greek mythology was one of several fields which influenced the development of Hermeticism, which would become part of the foundation of the Golden Dawn.[7]

ChronologyEdit

Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no IndexEdit

Coronzon ArcEdit

Main article: Coronzon Arc

During the invasion of London by the Crowley's Hazards, the defenders deployed Divine Mixtures, capital defense spiritual items derived from interpretations of Egyptian Mythology distorted by the Greeks and based on combined divinities of the two mythologies.[2][3][4]

Uses of Greek Mythology in the storyEdit

Name Description Usage in Toaru Majutsu no Index
Ambrosia The fruit of the gods which bestows immortality. Ambrosia appears as the cause of Ladylee Tangleroad's immortality.[8]
Arachne A skilled but prideful weaver who competed against the goddess Athena in a weaving contest and was turned into a spider afterwards.

A spiritual item used by a Maid of Honor is named Arachne 8.[9]

Artemis Goddess of the moon and the hunt.
Cocytus Meaning 'river of wailing', one of the rivers in the Greek underworld. Cocytus Replica is one of several Grand Magic spells mentioned by Tsuchimikado Motoharu.[12]
Demeter Goddess of the harvest and agriculture.
  • Aleister Crowley refers to Demeter while inspecting the female body of an alternative possibility of himself.[10]
  • Proserpina's planetary-scale artificial ice age spell is based on how Persephone/Proserpina's mother, Demeter/Ceres made it so that spring wouldn't come to the world until she found her daughter.[13]
  • One of the Divine Mixtures, Isis-Demeter, incorporates aspects of this deity.[4]
Endymion A mortal loved by the moon goddess Selene and placed in eternal sleep. Endymion was the name given to a space elevator which was the focus of the film Toaru Majutsu no Index: Miracle of Endymion.[8]
Hades God of the underworld. One of the Divine Mixtures, Osiris-Hades, incorporates aspects of this deity.[11]
Hecate A goddess of magic and witchcraft.
  • Aleister Crowley refers to Hecate while inspecting the female body of an alternative possibility of himself.[10]
  • The fourth part of Lilith Crowley's full name is Hecate.[14]
Hermeticism A magic system that is based primarily upon the writings attributed to Hermes Trismegistus ("Thrice Great"). Hermeticism: also called Hermetism, comprises beliefs and practices whose purpose is the influencing of the world through the three parts of the wisdom are: Alchemy, Astrology, and Theurgy.[15]
Hypnos The personification and God of Sleep. Hypnos is a movie that is an experimental visual experience according to Kinuhata Saiai, where the audience is strapped into their seats for twenty-four hours straight.[16]
Leto A daughter of the Titans Coeus and Phoebe, and the mother of Apollo and Artemis. One of the Divine Mixtures, Wadjet-Leto, incorporates aspects of this deity.[17]
Medusa A monster said to have the face of a female human, but with living poisonous snakes in place of hair and a gaze that can turn anyone who makes direct eye contact with her to stone. Mitsuari Ayu, while equipping the FIVE_Over (Out_Sider) - Modelcase_"MENTAL_OUT" and wearing the "Fat Misaki" Designers' Gel suit, references Medusa and compares her appearance to her in attempt to disturb Shokuhou Misaki. She also references the legend on how Medusa was turned into a monster and how the story of her hideous appearance terrifying people as if they were turned into stone evolved into her literally having the power to turn people into stone.[18]
Mount Olympus The tallest mountain in Greece, on top of which the Gods are said to dwell.
Orichalcum In the anime version of Esther Rosenthal's past with Hishigata Mikihiko and Hirumi, a supposed sample of orichalcum was among the occult relics brought into the possession of the research team prior to her arrival.[20]
Pan A god of the wild, with the hindquarters, legs and horns of a goat. Coronzon refers to Pan while discussing the origins of demon horns, from ancient male gods as symbols of reproductive power, with Hamazura Shiage.[21]
Panacea A goddess of universal health and the daughter of Asclepius and Epione. One of the few goals held by the old-style Rosicrucian magic cabal. It generally refers to an all-purpose medicine. Othinus thought that might be the role of Kamijou Touma's right hand.[22]
Persephone The daughter of the agricultural goddess Demeter and Queen of the Underworld, whose abduction by Hades, and the subsequent arrangement to have her spend half of the year with him and half of it with her mother, led to the changing seasons.
  • A member of the true Gremlin bears the name of Persephone's Roman counterpart, Proserpina.[23] Proserpina also makes use of a planetary-scale artificial ice age spell based on how her mother made it so that spring wouldn't come to the world until she found her daughter.[13]
  • Aspects of Persephone's myth, namely the pomegranate seeds which bound her to the underworld when consumed, are used by Kihara Yuiitsu, through the attenuated St. Germain virus, in a spell meant to appear like Proserpina's magic.[24]
Prometheus One of the Titans, who defied Zeus in stealing fire and granting it to humanity. Mina Mathers was compared to Prometheus in the way she crafted the Golden Dawn's cards and ceremonial tools and inspired magicians with her art, like him giving fire to humanity.[25]
Sibyl A priestess who could look into the future, though the term can also designate any female prophet. According to Stiyl Magnus, Ladylee Tangleroad was once a Greek sibyl specializing in astrology.[8]
Siren A creature, who lured sailors with their enchanting music and singing voices to shipwreck on the coast of their island. The name of the known individual Stativarius.[26]
Sword of Damocles A sword which was hung over Damocles as he was allowed to sit on the throne by his king, to illustrate the perils that came with kingship. The legend was apparently recreated as a test of courage for royalty and nobility to prove their worth, and the sword was later used against Aleister Crowley following his defeat by Kamijou Touma.[27]
Titans An earlier race of gods who were overthrown by the Olympians. Marian Slingeneyer uses Dáinsleif to summon one of them by cutting away the Olympus Phase.[28]
Typhon A monstrous giant born of Gaia and Tartarus, who attempted to overthrow Zeus and was buried under Mount Etna after an immense battle. He also fathered many monsters with his mate Echidna. The syncretized entity Typhon-Set was mentioned alongside Belzébuth with regards to Mathers and the Madame Horos incident.[29]
Urania Daughter of Zeus and Mnemosyne, and muse of astronomy. The goddess's name is included in the name of the Golden Dawn's Isis-Urania Temple.[30]
Zeus King of the gods and god of the sky. One of the Divine Mixtures, Ra-Zeus, incorporates aspects of this deity.[3]

External LinksEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 09 Chapter 8 Part 7
  2. 2.0 2.1 Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 20 Chapter 2 Part 8
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 20 Chapter 3 Part 1
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 20 Chapter 3 Part 10
  5. Toaru Majutsu no Index SS: Necessarius Special Admission Test Chapter 6
  6. 6.0 6.1 Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 09 Between The Connected Points
  7. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 18 Chapter 2 Part 2
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 Toaru Majutsu no Index Movie: Miracle of Endymion
  9. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 22 Reverse Chapter 1 Part 1
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 19 Prologue
  11. 11.0 11.1 Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 20 Chapter 3 Part 3
  12. Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 04 Chapter 4
  13. 13.0 13.1 Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 17 Between the Lines 2
  14. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 19 Chapter 3 Part 8
  15. Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 05 Chapter 1 Part 2
  16. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 12 Chapter 1 Part 10
  17. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 20 Chapter 3 Part 11
  18. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 11 Chapter 3 Part 3
  19. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 18 Chapter 4 Part 8
  20. Toaru Kagaku no Accelerator Episode 08
  21. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 22 Chapter 3 Part 10
  22. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 22 Reverse Chapter 4 Part 6
  23. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 13 Epilogue
  24. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 15 Chapter 5
  25. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 18 Chapter 4 Part 5
  26. Toaru Kagaku no Railgun SS3 Chapter 2 Part 4
  27. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 18 Epilogue
  28. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 10 Chapter 13 Part 2
  29. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 21 Between the Lines 3
  30. Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 18 Chapter 3 Part 4
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