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Hinduism is the main religion of the Indian subcontinent. In Toaru Majutsu no Index, Hinduism and Hindu mythology are used as a base for Magic, primarily by Indian cabals.
Called the oldest religion in the world, Hinduism encompasses a wide range of beliefs and is not bound by a single doctrine. So it is difficult for the entirety of Hindu beliefs be summarized, as it is easily the most complex religion in the history of the world. For example, there is no one leader of the religion, equivalent to the Pope or the Dalai Lama, so there are different sects and schools of thought of the religion with different dogmas. But generally, followers of the Sanātana Dharma (the Sanskrit name for Hinduism, literally "the eternal tradition" or the "eternal way") believe in saṃsāra (the cycle of birth, death and rebirth) and moksha (liberation from that cycle), and all regard the four Vedas (collections of rituals, and rules of life and society), the Upanishads (commentaries on the Vedas), the Puranas (stories akin to the legends of Greek Mythology and Norse Mythology), and the Itihasa (historical accounts) as sacred texts of their religion.
Contrary to popular Western belief, most modern Hindus will attest that it is monotheistic, not polytheistic. In the same way Christianity has the concept of the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit being different forms of the same God, Hinduism has a similar belief: Vishnu, Lakshmi, Indra, Lord Shiva, Bramha, Agni, Hanuman, etc. are all different forms (or Avatars, lit. "Manifestations of Will") of one God, known variously as Brahma, Ishvara, or other names. So, though Hindu Mythology contains a vast pantheon of gods and beings, they are all recognized to be part of the same Ishvara or "All-Being", i.e, God. This is not set in stone, and debates on whether Hinduism is polytheistic or monotheistic have occurred for centuries. The pantheon includes the Great Trinity, more popularly known as the Trimurti, consisting of Brahma (The Creator of the universe), Vishnu (The Preserver of the universe), and Shiva (The Destroyer of the universe), and a number of younger gods apart from the Trimurti called Devas.
Hinduism's roots can be traced back to Iron Age India, and as such it is believed to be the oldest living religion in the world.
Toaru Majutsu no Index: Road to Endymion
- Main article: Toaru Majutsu no Index: Road to Endymion
Uses of Hinduism and Hindu Mythology in the story
|Name||Description||Usage in Toaru Majutsu no Index|
|Amaravati||The capital of Svarga, one of seven planes in Hindu mythology and a paradise where the righteous live before their next incarnation.||Amaravati is one of the Phases.|
|Astra||Supernatural weapons associated with Hindu deities.||The Gate of the Gods Come from the Heavens make use of downsized versions of the Astras.|
|Ganesha||God of New Beginnings, Success and Wisdom.||One of the souvenirs that Kamijou Touya acquired.|
|Garuda||A mythical bird, appearing in both Hindu and Buddhist mythologies, the mount of Vishnu.||A spiritual item based on the Garuda is used by members of Gate of the Gods Come from the Heavens for reconnaissance.|
|Kali||Consort of Shiva, a goddess of time and destruction|
|Shakti||A concept of a primordial universal energy embodying creative power and personified in feminine form.|
|Shiva||The supreme deity of Shaivism, and part of the Trimurti together with Brahma and Vishnu, representing destruction.|
|Vetala||A ghost-like being from Hindu mythology, which inhabits corpses and charnel grounds.||Vetala Sorcery is referenced by Index.|
|Vishnu||The supreme deity of Vaishnavism, and part of the Trimurti together with Brahma and Shiva, representing preservation.||Marian Slingeneyer uses Dáinsleif to summon Vishnu Avatara, an amalgamation of Vishnu's avatars, by cutting away the Amaravati Phase.|
Users of Hindu-based Magic
- Toaru Majutsu no Index: Road to Endymion
- Toaru Majutsu to Kagaku no Ensemble Magic Side (Surface) Story
- Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 10 Chapter 13 Part 4
- Toaru Majutsu no Index Episode 15
- Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 19 Prologue
- Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 21 Chapter 3 Part 18
- Toaru Majutsu no Index Archives 1 Audio Drama
- Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 19 Chapter 4 Part 3
- Toaru Majutsu no Index: Road to Endymion Chapter 3 Part 2
- Shinyaku Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 20 Chapter 1 Part 1
- Toaru Majutsu no Index Light Novel Volume 06 Chapter 4 Part 6
- Toaru Majutsu no Index Archives 1 Audio Drama